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According to the International Dyslexia Association, dyslexia is a "language-based learning disability [and] refers to a cluster of symptoms that result in people having difficulties with specific language skills, particularly reading." While dyslexia is not a vision problem, a substantial number of individuals with dyslexia have other visual problems. Depending on its severity, a learning-related vision problem can sometimes be misidentified as dyslexia because there are similarities. However, it is more common that children with dyslexia also have a visual component that is contributing to their difficulties.
When a child struggles with reading and learning it is important to first rule out the possibility of a vision problem. If a vision problem exists, treatment may involve glasses, optometric vision therapy, or both. Once the vision problem is treated successfully, tutoring and other special services that aim to alleviate the symptoms of dyslexia can become more effective.
Locate a Doctor in your area who is experienced and knowledgeable in diagnosing and treating vision problems that masquerade as dyslexia or contribute to the unique challenges presented by dyslexia.
Vision, Learning & Dyslexia
A flawed statement on vision therapy, learning and dyslexia is reissued
Vision and Dyslexia White Paper
Vision Based Learning Problems: The Role Of The Optometrist On The Multidisciplinary Team